Efficient energy systems and markets are the main drivers towards a green transition. The future energy supply will depend on a high share of variable renewable energy sources, emphasizing the need to encompass all energy service sectors and explore synergies to optimize efficiency and costs.
To support this, we develop methods and energy system models to analyse future scenarios and potential pathways for a green energy transition. We look at the role of different infrastructures and technologies in future energy systems and effective energy policies, including power-to-X, green fuels, and the utilization of excess heat. Besides, we investigate the electricity market design that can guarantee both short-term economic efficiency and long-term security of supply through investments in clean energy infrastructures and technologies.
The energy demand must adapt to a variable supply of renewable energy sources. To this end, we analyse tariff and network regulation that can increase demand-side flexibility for better integration of fluctuating energy resources, through just and cost-reflective consumer energy prices. We also study the policies or interventions that help foster consumers’ behaviour towards improved energy efficiency and flexibility.
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